- Call 911
- Immediately evacuate the building. Do not attempt to save personal possessions at the risk of personal injury, but if it is safe to do so, take emergency personal items such as keys, wallets and identification
- When you are the last to leave a room, close the door
- Avoid using the elevator
- Before opening a door, place your hand against it. If the door feels hot or smoke is visible, don’t open it. If the door is cool, brace yourself against it and open it slowly
- Stay low to avoid the heaviest smoke
- Never go back into a burning building
Never use an extension cord with large current appliances such as a space heater, air conditioner or refrigerator. Extension cords can cause home fires by overheating due to overloading the outlet.
Never smoke while lying down, especially if drowsy, medicated or have been drinking. Completely douse cigarette butts with water before discarding. Smokers are seven times more likely than nonsmokers to have a fire in their home.
Stay in the kitchen while cooking and wear short or tight fitting sleeves. Unattended cooking accounts for thirty-three percent of home fires.
Installing and maintaining a smoke alarm will reduce your chances of dying in a fire in half. Install alarms on every floor and in bedrooms for extra protection. Seventy percent of fire deaths occur in homes with an inoperable smoke alarm or no smoke alarm present. The majority of the deaths are children and older adults.
Plan and practice a fire escape plan.Do not attempt to fight the fire yourself. Get out and CLOSE THE DOOR. Call 911 from a safe location. Smoke and fire kills! You may have less than three minutes to get to safety.
Never leave burning candles unattended. Half of the people killed by candle fires in the home were younger than 20 years of age.
Fire Safety Plans and Requirements
- Comprehensive Fire Safety / Emergency Action Plans
- Fire Safety and Evacuation Plans
- FDNY – Emergency Planning and Preparedness Video Tutorial
Evacuation Drill Requirements
A building greater than six (6) stories in height; or greater than seventy-five feet or more in height; or occupied or arranged to be occupied for an occupant load of more than one hundred persons above or below the street level or more than a total of five hundred persons in the entire building; or ordered by the FDNY to comply with the fire safety planning requirements, based upon a determination that compliance with this section is required in the interest of public safety given the location, use or occupancy of the building.
Drills in Educational Occupancies
NYS Education Law 807 requires that colleges and universities must perform 3 fire drills per year. One which must be held between September 1 and December 1. At least one additional drill should be held each year after sunset, before sunrise in college buildings which are used for sleeping purposes.
Residential Fire Safety Guide and Notices
- Fire Safety Plan: Part I – Building Information Section
- Fire Safety Plan: Part II – Fire Emergency Information
- Fire Safety Notice: Combustible Buildings
- Fire Safety Notice: Non-Combustible Buildings
Out of Service Systems
Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the Fire Department shall be notified immediately and, either the building shall be evacuated or a fire watch shall be maintained by one or more persons holding a certificate of fitness for fire guard. The Fire Department may direct other actions or measures as necessary until the fire protection system has been returned to service. Where utilized, fire guards shall be provided with at least one approved means for notification of the department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.
Fire Guard Definition: A person holding a certificate of fitness for such purpose, who is trained in and responsible for maintain a fire watch and performing such fire safety duties as may be prescribed by the fire department.
Certificates of Fitness and Fire Safety Personnel
- Certificate of Fitness F-58 (Fire Safety Director)
- Certificate of Fitness F-59 (Emergency Action Plan Director)
- Certificate of Fitness F-01 (Citywide Fire Guard for Impairment)
- Certificate of Fitness F-07 (Fire and Emergency Drill Conductor)
Fire Safety Brigade
The Fire Safety Brigade shall consist of building personnel, office employees, or other building occupants designed to assist in the implementation of the fire safety and evacuation plan, including persons assigned to assist building occupants that require assistance to participate in the plan. The fire safety brigade members shall be on duty during regular business hours. The Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Director and Deputy Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Directors shall not be designated as fire safety brigade members.
Requirements: The Fire Safety Brigade is required in any occupancy that has a Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Director. The fire safety brigade is organized, trained and supervised by the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Director, participates in drills, must be identifiable during activation of the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan (hat, vest, badge, armband). They must also receive at least hour of annual training each year.
Wardens and Deputy Wardens,
Wardens and Deputy Wardens, are occupants in the building that work on each floor. Wardens direct the evacuation of their floor and are occupants in the building that work on their floor. Wardens are on duty during their working hours and must adhere to some of sort of system to account for their attendance.
Requirements: Wardens must be trained by the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Director in understanding floor exits and evacuation routes, warden phone and pull station operations and locations. They must also receive at least hour of annual training each year. They must participate in drills and participate in drills and must be identifiable during activation of the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Plan (hat, vest, badge, armband).
Searchers assist the Wardens in searching and evacuating floor occupants and are occupants in the building that work on their floor. At least 1 male and 1 female searcher, if available, must be assigned to each floor. Searchers are on duty during their working hours. In the absence of a Warden, the searcher shall perform duties of the warden.
Requirements: Searchers must be trained by the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Director in understanding floor exits and evacuation routes, warden phone and pull station operations and locations. They must also receive at least hour of annual training each year. They must participate in drills and participate in drills and must be identifiable during activation of the Fire Safety/Emergency Action Plan Plan (hat, vest, badge, armband).