Effort is defined as the amount of time spent on a particular activity. It includes the time spent working on a sponsored project in which salary is charged or contributed (cost shared – see Cost Sharing Policy).

CUNY faculty effort is expressed as a percentage of the total amount of time spent on work-related activities (instruction, research, etc.) for which the University compensates an individual.

Effort reporting is certification to the granting agencies that the effort charged or cost shared to each award has actually been completed during the performance period of the project.

See – Research Foundation Effort Reporting Guidance and What is effort reporting and why is it so important that it be accurate?